In addition to being unsightly, varicose veins can result in serious medical problems
such as pain, superficial blood clots, swelling, dermatitis, discoloration, severe
bleeding and ulcers.  We have devoted this page to discussing the some of the
common causes of varicose veins and other venous disorders.

The venous system is best thought of as two parallel systems, the deep system of
veins and the superficial system of veins.  These venous systems are connected by
hundreds of perforating vessels (each equipped with one way valves) as well as by
two larger veins, the Greater Saphenous Vein and the Lesser Saphenous Vein.
The function of the Venous systems
The deep system of veins lies
beneath the muscles and the fascia
of the muscles and is under relatively
high pressure.  The Deep system is
responsible for the return of 90-95%
of the blood back to the heart.
The superficial system lies directly underneath
the skin and is under low pressure.

The Superficial system acts as a reservoir of
blood, storing blood until it can pass through a
perforating vein into the deep system to be
returned to the heart.
The Deep Venous muscular pump
Elimination of the abnormal blood flow within the venous system is
required for success in treatment of the pain and disability that is
caused by "faulty" leg valves.

Treatment results in improved flow of blood back to the heart with
improvement in symptoms.  Timely treatment can prevent more
serious complications from occurring.
Abnormally functioning valves can
lead to problems with:

Pain
Swelling
Skin Changes or Discoloration
Aching
Ulcers
Bleeding
Varicose Veins and Superficial
Venous Reflux
Failure of the one-way valves separating the two systems lead to abnormal
pressures within the superficial system and "recirculation" of blood within the legs
and can result in pain, swelling and skin changes.
The Deep System
The Superficial System
Normal
Abnormal
As the muscles contract, blood is sent back to the heart.  As the muscles relax,
properly functioning valves keep the blood moving toward the heart against
gravity.  (The veins fill with blood from the superficial veins in the relaxed phase).
A detailed ultrasound examination can detect and diagnose the exact
location of abnormal veins and is essential in the planning of effective
vein treatment. Dr. Long and his staff have the skills and the experience
to perform thorough evaluations, do not accept less!
Why be evaluated?
The Vein Center
11219 Financial Centre Parkway
Suite 215
Little Rock, Arkansas  72211
(501) 225-8346  (225-VEIN)
Fax  (501) 217-9819